Biological Impacts of the Textile Industry
The textile and textile products industry is one of the industries that is prioritized to be developed because it has a strategic role in the national economy, namely as a contributor to the country’s foreign exchange, absorbing a large number of workers, and as an industry that is relied on to meet national clothing needs.
This can be demonstrated through the acquisition of a surplus in exports against imports over the past decade, even when the economic crisis hit the world. the positive and negative impacts of the development of biological science can be used as additional information.
But fortunately the National ITPT can still maintain its trade surplus with a value of not less than US $ 5 billion, employing 1.34 million workers, reaching 63% of TKDN and contributing to meeting domestic needs by 46%.
With the development of the textile industry, of course it has several impacts. The positive impacts that occur are:
- Advancing the country’s economy and increasing the country’s tax revenue
- Opening up many new jobs for the surrounding community.
- With the development of the industry will result in competition in the quality of the clothes produced.
Apart from these positive impacts, the textile industry also had several negative impacts. Especially in environmental problems, namely the waste it produces.
There are several types of waste that are generated in the production process. Usually solid waste is referred to as waste waste, waste in liquid form such as dirty water as a result of washing toilets or known as black water, and residual water or waste from production activities or what is also known as gray water.
The waste produced by a textile factory is usually a waste from various production processes that are carried out in making textiles.
The process starts from the testing process to the refinement process. When the finishing process will be carried out the dyeing process on the textiles, then this process will produce high levels of ammonia which can pollute the environment, especially waters if the disposal process is not handled properly.
In terms of waste disposal, the textile industry usually discharges its waste into rivers in the area around the factory.
Padhal’s current river water is widely used by local people considering the difficulty of getting clean water in this modern era. Especially for people who cannot afford clean water, of course they will use the river water to meet their daily needs.
People living on the riverbanks will certainly use river water for bathing, washing and even cooking. Textile factory waste which is disposed of into the river certainly contains dyes which are used to dye the fabrics produced.
Of course this will be very dangerous if the dye used for this production mixes with river water and the water is used for cooking. If left unchecked, it will certainly disturb the health of the people who consume river water mixed with dyes from the textile factory waste.
In response to this, the government through the Ministry of Environment has rolled out environmentally friendly certifications for various industries, including textiles. But in fact, until now there has not been a single textile industry that has received the title of environmentally friendly.
The main problem with this waste is that there is no commitment from the textile business owners. In fact, if there is a clear commitment, it is not impossible that the company will move to an environmentally friendly industry.
For textile industry entrepreneurs who need extraordinary water and energy resources, an environmentally friendly industry can be interpreted as an effort to save water and energy. Then recycle the waste generated and reduce the greenhouse effect.
Source : https://schoology.co.id/